10 Common Sewing Machine Problems and How to Fix Them

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Even the best sewing machine can sometimes cause problems, especially if the user is still a beginner. However, it is not necessary to abandon this activity when you encounter the first difficulties because often this type of problem can be solved quickly and easily. From the sewing machine out of phase to the needle that won’t move, we’ve rounded up the 10 most common problems in this article, providing a solution to fix them and continue sewing without further headaches.

1. The thread is tangled on the wrong side

If the sewing machine is undersewing i.e. you notice the thread twisting on the wrong side of the fabric and the machine is making a clicking noise preventing you from continuing to sew, then it is strong likely that the upper thread was not threaded correctly. To solve the problem, you will therefore need to turn off the machine, remove the tangled thread when possible or otherwise cut it completely, remove the upper thread and finally thread it correctly.

2. The sewing machine does not pick up the bobbin thread

If you notice that the sewing machine is not picking up the bobbin thread, the pattern may be pulling up to the top thread. In particular, it should be checked that it does not tangle and, if so, it will then have to be removed and reinserted. Alternatively, the problem could also be caused by the resistance used, so it will be useful to remove it and check that it is positioned and threaded correctly. Finally, this problem can be caused by the needle, so make sure it is threaded correctly and not bent or damaged.

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3. The sewing machine does not turn

A jammed sewing machine is one of the most common problems of all, and there are several reasons why it can be caused. When the machine is locked you will notice that the fabric does not move and the thread tends to tangle. One of the most common reasons for the problem, especially if the user is still a novice, is the inability to lower the foot, possibly due to slight distraction. If so, all you have to do is lower the presser foot. If the machine remains blocked, you must check that you have inserted the rocket. If the sewing machine still freezes, a technician may be needed.

4. Sewing machine: the needle does not move

When the sewing machine needle does not move, the machine may be stuck. It therefore becomes necessary to check that the thread is correctly threaded and that the type of needle used is of good quality and above all suitable for the fabric on which you are working.

5. The needle keeps breaking

Needle breakage can be caused by several reasons. First, the needle size may not be appropriate for the type of fabric chosen. In this case, it is useful to keep in mind that for heavy fabrics you need thick needles, while for light fabrics it is enough to use thinner needles. If the needle you choose fits the fabric but still breaks, you need to check that the needle is not touching a metal part. This happens when the needle is not properly attached or when the presser foot has not been properly attached to the sewing machine.

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6. Skip stitches

Skipped stitches are another common problem, especially among those new to machine sewing. If you notice any stitches being skipped, the first thing to check is that the needle is inserted correctly so that when it comes down it can still catch the lower thread. If the needle is in the correct position, check that the tip is not bent. If deformed, replace the needle.

7. Sewing Loops

A curled seam looks uneven to the eye, and the reasons for the problem may be different. First, check the machine tension to make sure it is not too high for the type of fabric you are using, and if it is, reduce the tension to prevent the thread from binding. break or bend. Otherwise, the seam may be puckered because you regularly sew stretch fabric incorrectly. Indeed, this type of fabric requires the use of elastic stitches present on the machine and a specific needle if you want to obtain a good result.

8. The machine sews too slowly

The main cause of slow sewing is low thread tension. This means that the upper thread is not taut enough to create a proper seam. If the tension is set correctly but sewing continues to be slow, then you need to check that the type of needle you are using is correct for the fabric you are sewing on. In this case, you should also remember to use a fine needle on light fabrics and a thicker needle on heavier fabrics.

9. There is a strange noise coming from the machine

A strange noise is a sound that a normal machine, or possibly an electric sewing machine, would not normally make. First check that the metal capsule under the sole is properly locked and therefore does not wobble, producing abnormal noises during sewing. Secondly, check that the thread used is suitable because, especially in electric machines which work better with polyester threads, the use of cotton thread can cause strange noises. Finally, the reason for the noise could be caused by using a damaged or chipped needle which hits the machine abnormally while sewing.

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10. At the beginning of the seam, the thread becomes tangled

There are two main reasons why the thread may become tangled at the start of a seam. The first is improper threading of the machine, perhaps because a step or guide was skipped. The solution here is to unscrew the thread and then rethread the machine. Alternatively, the problem may be that the leading edge wires are too short. To prevent the thread from becoming tangled for this reason, it is advisable to keep two threads taut at least ten centimeters behind the presser foot.

Solve the most common problems

These are ten of the most common problems encountered by those who are still new to the art of machine sewing. Fortunately, in many cases the solution is quite simple and the problem can be solved by threading the sewing machine correctly or always making sure to use the most suitable needle for the type of fabric you are working on. In other cases however, for example when the machine is out of phase, the intervention of a specialized technician may be necessary.

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