The hot season has already arrived and there are already those trying to escape the heat with their own Conditioner. Some are very consumption conscious, as electricity prices have recently increased. Also you know that air conditioners have a certain impact on the environment and, fortunately, there are people who want to reduce energy consumption and heat emissions.
On the other hand, there are those who, regardless of the effects of this device on the environment and the costs of the bill, turn on the air conditioner and enjoy somewhat exaggerated temperatures.
For these consumers, however, there is a limit: it is the tax on air conditioners, an Italian government initiative that went quite quietly at the time of its publication, which took place in 2017, to comply with EU directives on the protection of ecosystems. Not all consumers are aware of this initiative today and that’s why we decided to talk about it.
What is the tax on air conditioners? How it works? How high will it be?
Tax on air conditioners: what is the measure?
In 2017, when the first census of air conditioners in Italyconsumers feared that all their efforts to save money and find the best energy deals would go up in smoke because of the tax on air conditioners.
The census consisted of the analysis of each individual air conditioner in Italy to go and identify those who are not up to standard, exactly as is also done for heating systems. In fact, it seems that these two household appliances have a similar impact on the environment and therefore should be treated the same way.
To carry out the checks, each air conditioner owner must be equipped with the famous air conditioner booklet, or single system booklet for air conditioners. This tool serves not only to collect data on the consumption of the air conditioner, but also to record the maintenance carried out every 4 years.
These are necessary if our air conditioners exceed 10 kW in winter and 12 kW in summer. Controls are essential both for a matter of safety, to ensure that the use of air conditioning systems does not harm the health of the user, and to decree the energy class to which they belong and the environmental impact.
The cost of the check and that of the fine
The provision of the law, already in 2017, had caused quite a bit of discontent among citizens. In fact, a control every 4 years determines the costs for the exit of the technicians, while the failure to analyze the air conditioner results in a heavy fine. These are therefore additional expenses that Italians must meet at the request of the State.
The fine would amount to 200 or 300 euros depending on the power of the air conditioner. It is important to know that the tax on the air conditioner belongs to those who use it: therefore, in the case of rental apartments, the fine is imposed on the tenants.
How the census works
The census starts from deliver letters to citizens, containing an audit notice on a certain date. At this point the user should call a technician who will scan the device and report any updates in the booklet.
The company that carries out the control will declare the factory in conformity with the law in the event of a census. If the citizen is found in default, the fines will be applied.
We cannot therefore speak of a real tax on air conditioners, but rather of an expense for carrying out checks in order to avoid very high fines. We must therefore not underestimate the role of the companies that carry out the checks, which must take care of the training of their personnel. The courses of course have costs, which will be uploaded to the price of analyzing customer systems.
Why impose a tax on air conditioners
The initiative of the Italian government, which approved a law providing for additional expenses for those who own air conditioners, aims to compliance with European directives on the protection of the environment and the reduction of carbon dioxide emissions.
This was a bureaucratic process initiated by the Letta government in 2014 and then carried out by the Renzi government in 2017. The clause provides that even those with air conditioning must have system booklets and blue badges, just like the heating systems.
Although this maneuver has been interpreted as the government’s umpteenth trick to make money by imposing new discreet taxes, it is actually a move that can improve the environmental conditions of our cities.
The air conditioning of homes, cars, offices and public places is one of the most worrying sources of pollution, because it is used massively by all individuals, often without being aware of the consequences (and without any consumption limit not be taxed. ).
Indeed, to cool the interior, the air in the room is heated. First of all, the air conditioning requires electricity to be emitted and here the electricity consumption increases and therefore also the use of fossil fuelsIn many cases.
However, this is the indirect effect of air conditioners on our planet. A studio with air conditioning emits 78 grams of carbon dioxide into the environment every hour, if the system is energy class A+++ then the most efficient. As for a two-room apartment, however, the figure rises to 259 grams of carbon dioxide per hour.
We also rely on the fact that not all consumers buy an energy-efficient device. An inefficient air conditioner, even class F, to cool an apartment of about 80 square meters emits 733 grams of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere every hour.
Nowadays, any office or public place has an internal air conditioning system. Given the growing financial resources, more and more individuals decide to invest money to install an air conditioner in the house. The summer climate is increasingly stifling and unbearable, so the use of these devices is massive. This means that hundreds of thousands of tons of carbon dioxide are emitted into the air every year in Italy alone.
The air conditioning tax could help improve the energy efficiency of these systems, while reducing emissions and benefiting the health of citizens. A small step, but one that could really help.